Sokoto is a state in Nigeria, with administrative capital in the city of Sokoto. Sokoto State is in the north-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria alongside Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi and Zamfara States.
Sokoto State is located at 667.5 km north-west of Abuja, and is bounded to the north by the Republic of Niger, to the south-east by Zamfara State, and to the south-west by kebbi State.
Sokoto State has an area 25,973 km². Sokoto State also has 23 local government areas out of the 774 local government areas that, alongside the 36 States, constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Sokoto State is predominantly inhabited by the Hausas and the Fulanis.
The History Of Sokoto State
Sokoto State was created in 1976 by the regime of General Murtala Mohammed. The state came into existence following the split of the defunct North-West State.
At Nigeria’s independence in 1960, the area now known as Sokoto State was part of the Northern Region, which existed as one of the three regions of Nigeria until 1963, and as one of the four regions of Nigeria from 1963 till 1966
The regime of Major General JTU Aguiyi Ironsi, which came to power via coup in 1966 dissolved the regional system and replaced it with a unitary, provincial system. The four regions became four provinces. The area now known as Sokoto State was in the Northern Province.
In 1967, a counter coup brought to power the regime of General Yakubu Gowon. The new regime quickly dissolved the provincial system put in place by the previous regime and replaced it with a twelve state federal structure. Six states were created out of the Northern Province. The North-West State, which the area now known as Sokoto State was part of, was one of these six states.
In 1976, the regime of General Murtala Ramat Mohammed embarked on another state creation round. This time, the North-West State, which the area now known as Sokoto State was part of, was split into two states. Sokoto State was one of the two states formed from this split.
Sokoto State was not touched at the next state creation round embarked upon by the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida in 1987.
The story was however not the same in 1991 when Babangida’s regime excised the south-western half of the state to form Kebbi State.
Again, in 1996, the regime of General Sani Abacha carved out the south-eastern half of Sokoto State to form Zamfara State, leaving Sokoto State as presently constituted.
Colonel Umaru Mohammed is the first military governor of Sokoto State, while Shehu Kangiwa is the first civilian governor.
The Government Of Sokoto State
The Sokoto State Government, like every other state government in Nigeria is made up of three arms: the executive arm, the legislative arm and the judicial arm. The executive arm of the Sokoto State government is headed by an executive governor elected by a majority of the state’s electorates. The governor is assisted by commissioners who he or she appoints to head the various ministries of the state government. The current governor of Sokoto State is Aminu Tambuwal.
The legislative arm of the Sokoto State Government which convenes at the Sokoto State House of Assembly is made up of 30 members each elected by the electorates of each of the 30 state constituencies of Sokoto State. The Sokoto State House of Assembly is headed by a speaker who is the legislative head of the state government. The current speaker of the Sokoto State House of Assembly is Salihu Maidaji.
The judicial arm of the Sokoto State Government is headed by the Sokoto State Chief Judge who is appointed by the executive governor of Sokoto State. The current Chief Judge of Sokoto State is Justice Bello Abbas.
Zones In Sokoto State
Sokoto state has a total of 23 local government areas grouped into 3 units that are otherwise known as senatorial districts or zones. The 3 senatorial districts of Sokoto state are:
- Sokoto East
- Sokoto North
- Sokoto South
Sokoto East senatorial district has 8 local government areas. The 8 local government areas of Sokoto East senatorial district are:
Sokoto South senatorial district has 7 local government areas. The 7 local government areas of Sokoto South senatorial district are:
The Population Of Sokoto State
The widely disputed result of the 2006 national population census put the population of Sokoto State at 3,702,676, with 1,863,713 males and 1,838,963 females.
SOURCE: TUKOOL ( https://tukool.com/know-nigeria/know-about-sokoto-state/ )